The Mongolian Gobi desert is located in the southern part of Mongolia, while the rest of the desert extends all the way to the north of China. The largest desert in Asia and one of the cold deserts in the world, the Gobi has hot summer and cold winter, sometimes covered with snow.

It has been part of the great Mongol Empire and a route of the Silk Road where major trading posts were located within the Gobi. Travelling on dirt and bumpy road with no road signs evoke that sense of adventure to explore this vast and interesting landscape. It re-lives those ancient years where only camels and horses were the only form of transportation.

Gobi desert covers an area of 1,295,000 sq km with a length of 1,600 km and a width of 800 km. The desert is expanding in a process known as desertification, which it is gradually taking over the grasslands. The desert landscape includes sand dunes, rocks, and sandstones formation, valleys and gorge such as Yolyn Am, as well as plains and steppes. The Altai Mountains ends on the north of the desert.

Wildlife that inhabits the desert includes wild Bactrian camels, wild ass, gazelles, wolves and sometimes snow leopards too.

Dinosaur eggs were discovered in the 1920s by an American explorer at an archaeological site known as the Flaming Cliffs. Since then, many international and Mongolian scientific groups have discovered fossils of several dinosaur species inhabiting the area. At sunset, the Flaming Cliff reflects stunning colours of red and orange.

Nomads have lived and survived in this desert for centuries, resilience to all weather for survival. Every few hundred metres, a nomad's tent known as Ger can be seen in the vast desert. Nomads built their summer camps near to water sources such as rivers and streams, and winter camps near mountains to be sheltered from the cold winter winds and snow. Moving with their livestock of camels, horses, goats, sheep and cattle.

This documentation covers the south to the north of Gobi desert including the Gurvan Saikhan National Park, also known as the Three Beautiful Mountains.

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Paved road connects Dalanzadgad, the entry point to south of Gobi. There is the Gurvan Saikhan airport which has daily flight from Ulaanbaatar.

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Paved road connects Dalanzadgad, the entry point to south of Gobi. There is the Gurvan Saikhan airport which has daily flight from Ulaanbaatar.

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Gurvan Saikhan Mountains - The drive to Yolyn Am deep gorge and valley.

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Gurvan Saikhan Mountains - The drive to Yolyn Am deep gorge and valley.

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Horses of the nomads resting at the the Gurvan Saikhan mountains.

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Horses of the nomads resting at the the Gurvan Saikhan mountains.

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Rock formation at Yolyn Am, deep valley with narrow gorge, part of the Gurvan Saikhan national park in the Gobi of Mongolia.

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Rock formation at Yolyn Am, deep valley with narrow gorge, part of the Gurvan Saikhan national park in the Gobi of Mongolia.

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The trek at Yolyn Am going between narrow gorges and valleys.

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The trek at Yolyn Am going between narrow gorges and valleys.

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Some of the visible creatures that lives in Yolyn Am - Daurian Pika. They are related to rabbits and hares, and are found throughout Mongolia.

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Some of the visible creatures that lives in Yolyn Am - Daurian Pika. They are related to rabbits and hares, and are found throughout Mongolia.

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The trek at Yolyn Am going between narrow gorges and valleys.

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The trek at Yolyn Am going between narrow gorges and valleys.

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Sand road on Gobi desert.

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Sand road on Gobi desert.

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Sandstorm is building up at Gobi desert.

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Sandstorm is building up at Gobi desert.

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Carcass of a Bactrian camel.

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Carcass of a Bactrian camel.

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Gas station in the middle of the desert.

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Gas station in the middle of the desert.

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Tourist ger camp with a view of the Khongory Els sand dunes within the Gurvan Saikhan National Park in the south of Gobi. 

Only ger camps like this are available for traveller's overnight throughout the wilderness of Mongolia. Most are with basic facilities such as beds and beddings in each ger (Mongolian tent), common bath and toilets for men and women, restaurant and few hours of electricity.

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Tourist ger camp with a view of the Khongory Els sand dunes within the Gurvan Saikhan National Park in the south of Gobi. 

Only ger camps like this are available for traveller's overnight throughout the wilderness of Mongolia. Most are with basic facilities such as beds and beddings in each ger (Mongolian tent), common bath and toilets for men and women, restaurant and few hours of electricity.

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Viewing platforms and shelters are additional facilities in some tourist ger camps in the Gobi.

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Viewing platforms and shelters are additional facilities in some tourist ger camps in the Gobi.

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Khongoryn Els sand dunes.

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Khongoryn Els sand dunes.

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Nomadic ger (tent) in the middle of Gobi desert.

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Nomadic ger (tent) in the middle of Gobi desert.

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Nomad family.

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Nomad family.

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Horses and camels are one of the main important livestock for the nomads. Camels are domesticated while horses are mostly captured from the wild and tamed.

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Horses and camels are one of the main important livestock for the nomads. Camels are domesticated while horses are mostly captured from the wild and tamed.

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Getting to Khongoryn Els sand dune on camel back.

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Getting to Khongoryn Els sand dune on camel back.

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Khongoryn Els sand dunes.

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Khongoryn Els sand dunes.

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Sunset in central Gobi.

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Sunset in central Gobi.

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The Flaming Cliff, also known as Bavanzag is an archaeological site. Dinosaur eggs and fossils were discovered in the 1920s by an American explorer. Since then, many international and Mongolian scientific groups have discovered fossils of several dinosaur species inhabiting the area. At sunset, the Flaming Cliff reflects stunning colours of red and orange.

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The Flaming Cliff, also known as Bavanzag is an archaeological site. Dinosaur eggs and fossils were discovered in the 1920s by an American explorer. Since then, many international and Mongolian scientific groups have discovered fossils of several dinosaur species inhabiting the area. At sunset, the Flaming Cliff reflects stunning colours of red and orange.

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Tourist ger camp near the Flaming Cliff, an archaeological site of dinosaur fossils. ×
Tourist ger camp near the Flaming Cliff, an archaeological site of dinosaur fossils. ×
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A stretch of Saxual trees, the only trees that grows in the Gobi desert.

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A stretch of Saxual trees, the only trees that grows in the Gobi desert.

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Animistic shrine for offerings in the Gobi desert. 

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Animistic shrine for offerings in the Gobi desert. 

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Nomadic children.

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Nomadic children.

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Interesting formation of rolling sand hills and colours.

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Interesting formation of rolling sand hills and colours.

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Nomad's winter shelter for livestock.

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Nomad's winter shelter for livestock.

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Livestock shelter is always next to a well. A hut is built around the well to ensure no damage by wild animals.

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Livestock shelter is always next to a well. A hut is built around the well to ensure no damage by wild animals.

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Enclosure to protect water source such as well from being damaged by wild animals.

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Enclosure to protect water source such as well from being damaged by wild animals.

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Burial ground of the Hunnu tribe which existed way before the great Chinggis Khan.

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Burial ground of the Hunnu tribe which existed way before the great Chinggis Khan.

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Bactrian camel.

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Bactrian camel.

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The ruins of Ongi, a Buddhist monastery built in 1660 and was destroyed in 1939 by the communist party during the great religious purge. Located in the Dundgovi province in the north of Gobi desert.

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The ruins of Ongi, a Buddhist monastery built in 1660 and was destroyed in 1939 by the communist party during the great religious purge. Located in the Dundgovi province in the north of Gobi desert.

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The landscape of north Gobi.

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The landscape of north Gobi.

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The landscape of north Gobi.

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The landscape of north Gobi.

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Fiery sunset at Secret Of Ongi, one of the tourist ger camps in the desert.

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Fiery sunset at Secret Of Ongi, one of the tourist ger camps in the desert.

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